October 13, 2017
Beginner guide to Endurance training. 12 useful tips to maximize your performance.
Session six focuses on the back of the body all the way from the feet, through the buttocks to the top of the head. The main aim is to free the spine by increasing its mobility, rotation and by improving its relationship with the head, pelvis and hamstrings.
The human spinal column, which is also known as the vertebral column or just the spine, is made up of 33 bones and can be divided into five sections. The top seven vertebrae are known as the cervical region (C1-7). The middle 12 vertebrae are known as the thoracic region (T1–T12). The lower spine is made up of 5 vertebrae known as the lumbar region (L1–L5). There are also 5 fused vertebrae known as the sacral region (S1–S5) and 4 fused vertebrae known as the coccygeal region or more commonly referred to as the tailbone or sitting bone.
From a side view a healthy adult spine has a natural S-shaped curve. The cervical and lumbar regions have a slight concave curve (lordosis), whereas the thoracic and sacral regions have a gentle convex curve (kyphosis). The curves help to protect the spinal cord from injury by absorbing shock, transmitting force between the upper and lower body and allowing a range of motion throughout the spinal column. The surrounding fascia and muscles such as the erector spinae and transversospinales spread across the back of the body, also helping to bend, straighten and rotate the spine.
Back pain is one of the most common types of pain in adults and can be caused when the back muscles and surrounding fascia tissue become tight and prevent the spine from moving as it should. Rolfing can be beneficial to those suffering with back pain as it can loosen the fascia tissue and thus free up movement, as well as alter bad habits of muscle strain and misuse.
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